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Panah Pavilion in Mashhad, Iran by Hasht Architects

Project name:
Panah Pavilion
Architecture firm:
Hasht Architects
The open area in front of the Imam Reza holy shrine, Andarzgoo St, Ab Square, Imam Reza St, Mashhad, Iran
Deed Studio
Principal architect:
Shahab Ahmadi, Iman Hedayati, Ali Ahmadi, Niloufar Mohammadzadeh
Design team:
Interior design:
Built area:
81 m²
Site area:
Design year:
Completion year:
Civil engineer:
Structural engineer:
Alireza Miri Tayefehfard, Saeid Fotouhi
Environmental & MEP:
Hasht Studio
Tools used:
Autodesk 3ds Max, Rhinoceros 3D, Lumion, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Aftereffects
Hasht Architects
Concrete, Mirrors, GFRP
25,000 $
Cultural Architecture › Pavilion

Hasht Architects: Panah* is a chance, albeit a short one, in the hustle and bustle of the city to keep its users in contemplation. A short journey from the outside to the inside with the point of looking at oneself and an opportunity to imagine in the refraction of water and mirrors.


The issue of the project was to design a pavilion (urban kushk) with the theme of The Guarantor of the Deer ** that could be a part of the interactive flow of people with the city.

The project site was located in Mashhad, facing the shrine of Imam Reza (Ali al-Rida) and in the middle of an active urban node between the Ab square and the shrine, where is a lively day and night life, due to the presence of pilgrims and passers-by.

Our decision in dealing with the problem was divided into two general parts. First, the pavilion should be a contemporary expression of the project's theme and a part of the communication process between people and the city in the role of a living organism.

Secondly, this new guest must be placed in a crowded site that has a religious, historical, cultural identity; and a joint quiddity (between the city and the shrine) as an independent subject but connected to the structure of the complex.

Design process

Faced with the theme of the work, we first looked for a concept that is both a metaphorical aspect of the project's matter and a common language between the mental meaning and the objective space, so that it is more tangible for the users. Hence, we arrived at the word "shelter", which seemed to be able to create a common perception between different generations of users.

In the design process, we tried to narrate a flow along with the user's inner state while paying attention to the concept of shelter. A constant struggle between the body that is prone to being alive and a soul that does not fit in this physique, and flies with the passion of living. A familiar duality that seeks tranquility, which is a kind of connection to the light of truth.

In designing the form and space, we used a four-centered arch structure as the first and most important model of pavilion in Iranian architecture called “Kushk” and redefined it in the form of a pavilion in its original meaning (urban Kushk).

Based on this, we considered a square row with dimensions of 9 x 9 meters and envisioned a 9- part geometry on it. After that, by eliminating the mass from the corners, a possibility called "external space and internal space" was created on the podium at the same time.

Then we started to hollow out the inner space. In this way, only pillars remained in the lightest state. We considered the shells in contemporary literature as a fluid form and a metaphor of the soul that is trying and struggling to reach its destination of peace and quiet.

The outer face of the shells is dark in color and represents pollution and everyday life that corrodes the human spirit. The inner surface of the plates, which is near water (a symbol of purity in Iranian culture and art), and has been removed from that rust, is made of a polished mirror, and is an expression of the essence of human existence, of peace and tranquility.

golden porch, is trying to be a narrator of peace seekers and their inner and outer pollution and purification to this land. In this way, it can play the role of a dynamic urban joint with a semi- transparent and metaphorical structure, the common language of the physical and cultural layers of its substrate.

In the inner experience, the user sees his own images in the interior space after entering and being placed there. The refraction of the users’ images as living parts of the space in the mirrored shells gives a different effect to the space.

By being in front of the mirrors, the audience sees neither himself nor others at the same moment, and sees both himself and others; fusion and dialectic of the simultaneity of individuality and crowd, which is the basis of the Eastern mysticism. (Unity in plurality and vice versa, which is a reflection of thoughts and conscious minds of oneself and others).

Watching and touching the water and the reflection of light and shadows, hearing the sound of water and the pleasant tune that spreads in the pavilion space; giving seeds to the birds in the outer part of the shells by people, are among the multi-sensory experiences. These remind the nostalgia of the presence and solitude in memorable spaces like the shrine of Imam Reza.

These interactive tools make the space more alive and dynamic, while creating a collaborative feeling. this will be a lifetime experience especially for children, and it will give a more special color to this place.

Construction process

Due to financial, time and crowding restrictions at the project site, we tried to implement the plan in a simple way. First, we made prefabricated shells in the workshop and transported them to the project site.

The skeleton of the shells was made of 80x40 and 40x40 can metal profiles. Then the final curved form was obtained by placing the rebars on the chassis and implementing the metal mesh on it. The foundation was framed with the IPE18 profile because it should not have a height of more than one step.

Its empty space was filled with coarse sand (gravel) and later 40x40-polymer flooring was placed on it. At the same time, the shells were mounted on the foundation. Cementing and then mirror installing were done on them.

The pond was also made as a prefabricated module, and made of a combination of GFRP and CNC metal sheet along with light and sound mechanisms built into it. Then installed at the project site. The lighting facilities were all installed in the form of surface projectors at the project site.

*In Persian language, Panah means shelter in English. We decided to keep the name of the project in its mother tongue.

** Imam Reza (PBUH), “The Guarantor of the Deer”
Imam Reza was a descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the eighth Imam in Twelver Shia Islam, succeeding his

father, Musa al-Kazim.

One of the famous titles of Imam Reza (PBUH) is ‘The Guarantor of the Deer’. Shia folks have described the reason for this title and its historical roots:

A hunter wanted to hunt a deer in a desert. After running a long distance, the deer saw Imam Reza (PBUH) (who happened to be there) and took refuge with him. When the hunter was going to catch the deer, Imam Reza (PBUH) prevented him from doing so. However; as the hunter believed that the deer was his own hunt and belonged to him legally, he insisted on taking it back.

The Imam offered him some amount of money (more than the real cost of the deer) to release her. However; the hunter refused the offer and said: I just want this deer, which is mine and nothing else. At this moment the deer became able to speak and told the Imam;’ I have two hungry fawns waiting for me to go and breastfeed them. This is why I have run away’. Then she asked the Imam to guarantee her and to ask the hunter to let her go back, feed her fawns and then return; surrendering herself to the hunter.

Therefore, Imam Reza (PBUH) guaranteed the deer against the hunter and stayed there as a hostage until her return. So the deer went away and returned quickly, surrendering herself to the hunter. Seeing the deer fulfilling her promise and realizing that his hostage was Imam Reza (PBUH), the hunter was deeply moved and released the deer immediately.

Then, he begged and apologized to the Imam. So the Imam gave the hunter a substantial amount of money and promised to intercede for him to his ancestor (the Holy Prophet (PBUH)) in the Day of the Last Judgment, sending the hunter away well- pleased and satisfied. Finally, the deer that was released with the help of the Imam asked his permission to leave and went back to her fawns.

By Liliana Alvarez

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